National Safeguarding Week 2018
We all have a shared responsibility to ensure that we actively prevent adults and children from being abused and neglected and to safeguard those who are at risk of abuse.
As part of National Safeguarding Week 12 - 16 November 2018 Gwent Safeguarding have published some themed fact sheets as a guide to recognising potential signs and risk factors of abuse.
Sexual Exploitation affects thousands of children and young people across the UK every year. In 2016, 14,000 young people went missing in Gwent and 15% of those were identified as having been sexually exploited/ vulnerable to sexual exploitation. As a professional working within the community whatever your role/ occupation, you could have an important role to play in protecting children from exploitation.
What is CSE?
Child sexual exploitation is a form of sexual abuse in which a young person is manipulated or forced into taking part in a sexual act involving an exchange of some form of payment- which can include money, mobile phones and other items, drugs, alcohol, a place to stay, ‘protection’ or affection. This type of abuse happens to boys and girls from any background, ethnicity or culture.
Financial Exploitation is a way of stealing or defrauding someone of goods and/or property. It is always a crime but is not always prosecuted. Sometimes the issue is straightforward, for example a care worker stealing from an older person’s purse, but at other times it is more difficult to address. This is because very often the perpetrator can be someone’s relative, or other people assume it is not happening or that the older person is to blame.
Common issues include relatives attempting to justify their actions on the basis that they are simply obtaining their inheritance in advance and the misuse of Powers of Attorney. Financial exploitation can happen because the older person can be seen as an easy way of getting money, particularly if they are dependent or confused.
The term “county lines‟ is becoming more widely recognised and used to describe situations where young people may be trafficked for the purpose of criminal exploitation. What is often less understood is the experiences a young person faces and the potential for them to be harmed through various forms of abuse and exploitation as a result.
Modern slavery is a serious and brutal crime in which people are treated as commodities and exploited for criminal gain. The Modern Slavery Act 2015 introduced provisions extending existing support and protection for victims of human trafficking to victims of slavery, servitude and forced and compulsory labour.
Since November 2015, specified statutory authorities and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) have a statutory ‘Duty to Notify’ the Secretary of State of any individual encountered in Wales who they believe is a suspected victim of slavery or human trafficking.
Online abuse is any type of abuse that happens on the web, whether through social networks, playing online games or using mobile phones.
Online abuse may be part of abuse that is taking place in the real world (for example bullying or grooming). Or it may be that the abuse only happens online (for example persuading children to take part in sexual activity online).
There are always those who will seek to take advantage of people when they are on-line. Some will deliberately target older or more vulnerable people. However, there is no reason to be fearful of the internet if it is used safely and securely.